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Bonding & Hybridization:

 

Shape & Bond Angle: VSEPR

 

The Octet Rule:

 

Valence/Formal Charge:

 

Resonance:

 

Organic Nomenclature: Functional Groups

 

IUPAC Nomenclature:

 

Isomers:

 

O-CHEM REACTIONS

Bases, Nucleophiles, Electrophiles & Leaving Groups:

 

E1/E2 and SN1/SN2:

 

Combustion of an Alkane:

 

Radical Halogenation of an Alkane:

 

Synthesis of an Alkane from an Alkene:

 

Alkenes:

 

Benzene:

 

Alcohols:

 

Alcohol reaction: oxidation, reduction, protection

 

SOCl2 and PBr3:

Grignard Synthesis:

 

IR Spectroscopy: UV Spectroscopy:

 

Mass Spectrometry AND NMR

 

Extraction:

 

Distillation: Simple, Fractional, Vacuum

 

Chromatography: TLC, Paper, Column, Gas

 

Recrystallization:

 

Aldehydes and Ketones

 

Alpha Hydrogens

 

Keto-Enol Tautomerization

 

Protecting Aldehydes and Ketones

 

Aldol Condensation

 

The Wittig Reaction

 

Carboxylic Acids: NOMENCLATURE, REACTIONS, ester, amides

 

Decarboxylation

 

Esterification

 

Anhydrides

 

Hofmann Degradation (a.k.a., “Hofmann Rearrangement”)

 

Transesterification

 

Saponification (Hydrolysis of an Ester)

 

Acetoacetic Ester Synthesis

 

Substitution of Acid Derivatives