READ THIS BEFORE USING THIS DOCUMENT

This should be used as a additional resource to understand material on your schedule and for the MCAT.

KEEP YOURSELF ACCOUNTABLE!!

ASK QUESTIONS!!

Protein Structure:

 

Proteins/Amino Acids:

 

General intro to amino acids.

 

Extra help with Amino Acids:

 

Amino Acid Stereochemistry:

 

Essential vs. Non-essential amino acids.

 

Acid-base Amino Acid:

 

Isoelectric point

 

Good Amino Acid Questions for Content reinforcement

 

Amino Acid Reactions

Gabriel Synthesis

 

Protein hydrolysis.

 

Peptide bond formation and cleavage.

 

Strecker synthesis

 

Protein Folding

 

Protein Folding Mechanism Video

 

Hydrophobic effect

 

This link gives information on the 20 Amino Acids protein structural roles

 

Tertiary structure interaction: 

 

Disulfide bonds and their function in proteins:

 

Protein Separation/Analysis Techniques:

 

Analysis of protein purification

 

Lab Techniques

Gel Electrophoresis and SDS-Page

 

Thin layer Chromatography, Column Chromatography, Gas Chromatography

 

Enzymes Overview

General Characteristics, Enzyme kinetic

 

General Enzyme Characteristics,

 

Six types of enzymes

 

Major Non-Enzymatic Protein Functions:

 

Non-Enzymatic Protein video

 

Overview of Non-Enzymatic protein

 

Non-Enzymatic Protein textual information

 

Enzyme catalysis

Video of Enzyme Catalysis and substrate binding

Effects of local conditions, such as temperature or pH, on enzyme catalysis)

 

Cofactors, Coenzymes (Brief video)

 

Textual information Cofactors explained

 

Prosthetic Groups (Brief Textual Informational page)

 

Difference between Coenzyme and prosthetic group

 

Vitamins & Minerals

(Overview of Vitamins)

 

Enzyme Kinetics:

Kinetics and Control of Enzyme Activity (Textual information)

 

M-M Overview

 

Brief break down of M-M Equation

 

M-M: (deep understanding Video M-M Equation)

Enzyme Inhibition

 

Positive and Negative Feedback

 

Additional concept of positive and negative feedback

 

Positive Feedback

 

Negative feedback

 

Feedback Regulation

 

Enzyme Inhibition Mechanism Video

 

Textual info feedback inhibition

 

Competitive vs. Noncompetitive

 

Difference between Competitive and Noncompetitive inhibition

 

Allosteric regulation

 

Carbohydrates, Reactions, Sugar Structures

 

Good review of Carbohydrates

 

Carbohydrates: characteristics

 

Three general Characteristics

 

Carbohydrates & Carbohydrate Reactions:

 

Glycoside Formation

 

Reaction of Monosaccharides (Quick video)

 

Disaccharides (Quick video)

 

Naming and Classification Carbohydrates

Absolute configuration, epimers, common names

 

Absolute configuration

 

Epimers vs Anomer

 

Lipids:

https://pixorize.com/view/6885

 

Fatty Acids

 

Fatty Acid Synthesis Video

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WQ2HBx-l5b0

 

Triacylglycerol:

 

Phospholipids

 

Steroids & Terpenes

 

Sphingolipids

 

Waxes

 

Glycolipids

 

Prostaglandins

Eicosanoid

 

Phosphoglycerides

 

Nucleotides :

 

Nucleotide Functional groups and bond-to-bond connectivity

 

Polymerization of Nucleotides

 

Metabolism:

 

Anabolism

Catabolism

 

Anabolism vs. Catabolism

 

Metabolism: Glycolysis

 

Metabolism: Fermentation

 

Metabolism: Citric Acid Cycle (a.k.a., Krebs Cycle, Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle [TCA])

 

Metabolism: Electron Transport Chain

 

Metabolism: Fatty Acid

 

Lipid metabolism Overview

 

Overview of beta-oxidation

 

Protein Metabolism

Transamination

 

Protein Metabolism

 

Glucogenic vs Ketogenic Amino Acid

Bioenergetics

Steady State

Gibbs Free Energy

 

Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)

 

Explanation of phosphorylation and how it relates to ATP

 

cAMP and other messengers

 

Biological Oxidation-Reduction Reactions

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=orI2m6IarJg

 

Enzymes & Enzyme Inhibition

 

Enzyme Structure and Function

 

Allosteric Regulation of Enzymes

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DuSinQd9YhA

 

Metabolism/Respiration

 

Fructose Metabolism

 

Fermentation

 

Gluconeogenesis

 

Pentose Phosphate Pathway

 

Krebs Cycle (a.k.a., Citric Acid Cycle, Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle [TCA])

 

Electron Transport Chain

 

Biochemical Shuttles

 

Fatty Acid Biosynthesis

 

Citrate-Acetyl-CoA Shuttle

 

ATP Synthase

 

Oxidative phosphorylation

 

ATP production in Cellular Respiration

 

Regulation of Carbohydrate Metabolism

Glycolysis and Gluconeogenesis Regulation

 

Regulation of Oxidation phosphorylation

 

Hormonal Regulation of Metabolism

 

Metabolic States

 

CONNECTED PATHWAYS OF METABOLISM